Living Wages in Indonesia by October 2017. In IDR, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Rupiah)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 1527100 1931500 1357500 1716900 339400 429200
Housing 761500 1066700 761500 1066700 514800 735200
Transport 245000 400000 245000 400000 122500 200000
Health 200000 250000 200000 250000 50000 62500
Education 300000 500000 300000 500000 0 0
Other costs 151700 207400 143200 196700 51300 71400
Total Expenditure 3185300 4355600 3007200 4130300 1078000 1498300
Net Living Wage 1873706 2562118 1670667 2294611 1078000 1498300
Gross Living Wage 2098600 2869600 1871200 2570000 1207400 1678100

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Rupiah)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 2.5 children, 1.7 working) 2098600 2869600
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1871200 2570000
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1684000 2313000
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 2245400 3084000
Two parents and two children, 1 working 3368100 4625900
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 2216000 3018000
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 2450700 3314900
Single-adult without children, 1 working 1207400 1678100

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Rupiah)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1210000 1210000 1210000 1210000 1210000 1210000 1337645 1337645
Living Wage - Single Adult 1185800 1684300 1110400 1425100 1101500 1550600 1207400 1678100
Living Wage - Typical Family 1997400 2781200 1959900 2617900 1963900 2730500 2098600 2869600
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1942200 2957800 2055500 3082700 2122900 3163700 2153200 3080800
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 2416600 3390800 2532100 3510400 2639500 3642300 2806600 3736700
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2974100 4550700 3033400 4581600 3156300 4738100 3412100 4951000

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Rupiah

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 54 142 17000 23000
Rice 284 1024 8500 10000
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 32 59 35000 50000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 22 190 10000 12000
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 33 116 11000 13000
Maize and products 75 184 10000 14000
Milk - Excluding Butter 31 15 12000 15000
Vegetables, Other 70 24 6000 10000
Potatoes and products 9 6 9000 12000
Butter, Ghee 1 7 12000 15000
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 49 86 15000 20000
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 10000 12000
Cassava and products 99 102 4000 5000
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 10 15 12500 15000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 12000 15000
Fish products 59 44 23000 30000
Beer 2 1 40000 60000
Sweeteners, Other 3 11 11000 13500
Beans 2 7 10000 15000
Sweet potatoes 16 16 5000 6000
Bananas 40 25 10000 15000
Soyabeans 2 8 8000 12000
Apples and products 1 1 22000 30000
Tomatoes and products 8 2 7000 10000
Onions 8 3 12000 20000
Oranges, Mandarines 12 3 15000 20000
Peas 0 0 10000 15000
Roots, Other 3 4 7000 10000
Seeds and kernels 0 1 15000 25000
Wine 0 0 66700 104000
Pineapples and products 12 3 8000 9500
Cream 0 0 10000 20000
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 35000 50000
Honey 0 0 70000 100000
Citrus, Other 0 0 10000 15000
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 12000 17000
Tea (including mate) 1 0 10000 18400
Grapefruit and products 0 0 12000 20000
Coffee and products 0 0 13000 24000

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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