Living Wages in Indonesia by August 2017. In IDR, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (2.5 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (73% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in IDR)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 1427600 1840200 1269200 1635600 317300 408900
Housing 700000 1000000 700000 1000000 500000 750000
Transport 260000 400000 260000 400000 130000 200000
Health 200000 250000 200000 250000 50000 62500
Education 300000 500000 300000 500000 0 0
Other costs 144400 199500 136500 189300 49900 71100
Total Expenditure 3032000 4189700 2865700 3974900 1047200 1492500
Net Living Wage 1783529 2464529 1592056 2208278 1047200 1492500
Gross Living Wage 1997553 2760273 1783102 2473271 1172864 1671600

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in IDR)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 2.5 children, 1.7 working) 1997600 2760300
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1783100 2473300
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1604800 2226000
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 2139700 2967900
Two parents and two children, 1 working 3209600 4451900
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 2107500 2901600
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 2327000 3184500
Single-adult without children, 1 working 1172900 1671600

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in IDR)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1210000 . 1210000 . 1210000 . 1337645 .
Living Wage - Typical Family 2091400 2971500 1983900 2829300 2014400 2866200 1997600 2760300
Living Wage - Single Adult 1272200 1909800 1229500 1783400 1251200 1852700 1172900 1671600
Real wage of low-skilled worker 2122200 3151500 2088000 3138900 2009300 2949300 2292200 3323700
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 2634400 3630000 2611700 3605400 2670200 3627400 2919700 3885100
Real wage of high-skilled worker 3121400 4707500 3142000 4728100 3249800 4818300 3461700 4999700

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in IDR

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 54 142 17000 23000
Rice 284 1024 8500 10000
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 32 59 35000 50000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 22 190 10000 12000
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 33 116 11000 13000
Maize and products 75 184 10000 14000
Milk - Excluding Butter 31 15 12000 15000
Vegetables, Other 70 24 6000 10000
Potatoes and products 9 6 9000 12000
Butter, Ghee 1 7 12000 15000
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 49 86 15000 20000
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 10000 12000
Cassava and products 99 102 4000 5000
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 10 15 250000 15000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 12000 15000
Fish products 59 44 23000 30000
Beer 2 1 40000 60000
Sweeteners, Other 3 11 11000 13500
Beans 2 7 10000 15000
Sweet potatoes 16 16 5000 6000
Bananas 40 25 10000 15000
Soyabeans 2 8 8000 12000
Apples and products 1 1 22000 30000
Tomatoes and products 8 2 7000 10000
Onions 8 3 12000 20000
Oranges, Mandarines 12 3 15000 20000
Peas 0 0 10000 15000
Roots, Other 3 4 7000 10000
Seeds and kernels 0 1 15000 25000
Wine 0 0 66700 104000
Pineapples and products 12 3 8000 9750
Cream 0 0 10000 20000
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 35000 50000
Honey 0 0 70000 100000
Citrus, Other 0 0 10000 15000
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 12000 16000
Tea (including mate) 1 0 10000 18400
Grapefruit and products 0 0 12000 20000
Coffee and products 0 0 13000 24000

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

Cite this page: © WageIndicator 2017 - WageIndicator.org - Living Wages in Indonesia by August 2017. In IDR, per Month