Living Wage Series - France October 2017 - In EUR per Month

Living wages, Wages in context - France

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Euro)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 620 770 620 770 155 195
Housing 715 755 715 755 405 430
Transport 100 140 100 140 50 70
Health 30 225 30 225 8 56
Education 49 105 49 105 0 0
Other costs 76 100 76 100 31 37
Total Expenditure 1590 2095 1590 2095 649 788
Net Living Wage 994 1309 883 1164 649 788
Gross Living Wage 1290 1700 1150 1520 845 1030

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Euro)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 2 children, 1.6 working) 1290 1700
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1150 1520
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1040 1360
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1380 1820
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2070 2730
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1430 1870
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1560 2040
Single-adult without children, 1 working 845 1030

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Euro)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1445 1445 1457 1457 1466 1466 1480 1480
Living Wage - Single Adult 765 930 795 1010 825 980 845 1030
Living Wage - Typical Family 1210 1610 1240 1700 1270 1660 1290 1700
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1310 1520 1330 1550 1350 1570 1430 1640
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1740 2080 1780 2140 1790 2140 1690 2000
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2660 3320 2710 3400 2730 3420 2550 3160

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Euro

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 190 518 2 2.4
Rice 8 32 1.2 2
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 158 294 8 10.7
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 22 196 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 63 223 1 1.5
Maize and products 19 48 . .
Milk - Excluding Butter 412 212 .6 .8
Vegetables, Other 126 35 2 2
Potatoes and products 92 59 .5 .6
Butter, Ghee 19 136 4.9 5.5
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 10 28 . .
Pulses, Other and products 1 4 2 5
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 22 32 1.6 1.7
Sunflowerseed Oil 10 92 . .
Fish products 58 50 15 19.5
Beer 40 19 4 5.5
Sweeteners, Other 3 7 . .
Beans 1 4 2.5 4
Bananas 8 5 1.5 1.5
Apples and products 22 10 2.5 2.5
Tomatoes and products 35 6 2 2.5
Onions 5 2 1.5 2
Oranges, Mandarines 83 15 . .
Plantains 1 1 . .
Peas 1 2 2.5 2.5
Seeds and kernels 0 1 2 2.2
Wine 64 44 6.7 8
Cream 7 13 2.5 4
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 10 10
Honey 1 2 . .
Lemons, Limes and products 4 1 2 3
Grapefruit and products 9 2 1.5 1.5
Coffee and products 10 4 12 12

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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