Living Wage Series - France August 2017 - In EUR per Month

Living wages, Wages in context - France

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (2 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (58% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in EUR)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 620 770 620 760 155 190
Housing 445 465 445 465 390 415
Transport 84 120 84 120 42 60
Health 30 225 30 225 8 56
Education 50 100 50 100 0 0
Other costs 61 84 61 84 30 36
Total Expenditure 1290 1764 1290 1754 625 757
Net Living Wage 806 1103 717 974 625 757
Gross Living Wage 1048 1433 932 1267 812 984

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in EUR)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 2 children, 1.6 working) 1050 1440
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 930 1270
Two parents and two children, 2 working 840 1140
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1120 1520
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1680 2280
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1180 1590
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1320 1750
Single-adult without children, 1 working 810 985

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in EUR)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1457 . 1466 . 1466 . 1480 .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 1050 1440
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 810 985
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1540 1790 1530 1750 1470 1690 1460 1690
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1730 2070 1720 2030 1710 2020 1690 2020
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2480 3140 2560 3160 2530 3130 2520 3140

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in EUR

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 190 518 2 2.4
Rice 8 32 1.2 2
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 158 294 8 10.7
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 22 196 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 63 223 1 1.5
Maize and products 19 48 . .
Milk - Excluding Butter 412 212 .6 .8
Vegetables, Other 126 35 2 2
Potatoes and products 92 59 .5 .6
Butter, Ghee 19 136 4.9 5.5
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 10 28 . .
Pulses, Other and products 1 4 2 5
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 22 32 31.5 1.7
Sunflowerseed Oil 10 92 . .
Fish products 58 50 15 19.5
Beer 40 19 4 5.5
Sweeteners, Other 3 7 . .
Beans 1 4 2.5 4
Bananas 8 5 1.5 1.5
Apples and products 22 10 2.5 2.5
Tomatoes and products 35 6 2 2.5
Onions 5 2 1.5 2
Oranges, Mandarines 83 15 . .
Plantains 1 1 . .
Peas 1 2 2.5 2.5
Seeds and kernels 0 1 2 2.2
Wine 64 44 6.7 8
Cream 7 13 2.5 4
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 10 10
Honey 1 2 . .
Lemons, Limes and products 4 1 2 3
Grapefruit and products 9 2 1.5 1.5
Coffee and products 10 4 12 12

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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