Egypt - Living Wages October 2017. Per Month in EGP

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Egyptian Pound)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 1130 1550 850 1170 210 290
Housing 720 1050 720 1050 360 520
Transport 100 120 100 120 50 60
Health 150 200 150 200 38 50
Education 300 500 300 500 0 0
Other costs 120 170 105 150 33 46
Total Expenditure 2520 3590 2225 3190 691 966
Net Living Wage 1575 2244 1236 1772 691 966
Gross Living Wage 1810 2580 1420 2040 795 1110

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Egyptian Pound)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 3.3 children, 1.6 working) 1810 2580
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1420 2040
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1280 1840
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1710 2450
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2560 3670
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1760 2510
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1920 2730
Single-adult without children, 1 working 795 1110

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Egyptian Pound)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200
Living Wage - Single Adult 600 890 675 985 700 970 795 1110
Living Wage - Typical Family 1530 2300 1620 2390 1680 2370 1810 2580
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1100 1270 . . . . 1610 2160
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1220 1480 . . . . 1900 2780
Real wage of high-skilled worker 1320 1700 . . . . 2250 3500

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Egyptian Pound

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 255 745 1 2
Rice 68 259 4 5
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 58 82 30 50
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 8 66 10 12
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 110 184 5 5
Maize and products 106 370 4 5
Milk - Excluding Butter 101 58 6 7
Vegetables, Other 147 36 4 5
Potatoes and products 62 47 2.5 3
Butter, Ghee 4 28 40 45
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 4 15 13 20
Pulses, Other and products 9 30 6 10
Cassava and products 0 0 4 5
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 8 11 7.5 8.3
Sunflowerseed Oil 3 27 12.5 15
Fish products 38 25 18 23
Beer 2 1 9.1 12
Sweeteners, Other 3 9 5 5
Beans 1 2 7 9
Sweet potatoes 5 5 2 3
Bananas 22 13 5 6
Soyabeans 1 4 4 10
Apples and products 15 7 10 12
Tomatoes and products 153 28 2.5 3
Onions 29 12 3 3
Oranges, Mandarines 47 14 3 4
Plantains 0 0 6 8
Peas 0 1 5 7
Roots, Other 2 1 2 3
Seeds and kernels 1 6 15 20
Wine 0 0 10.7 10.7
Cream 0 0 15 20
Olives (including preserved) 9 12 20 30
Honey 0 0 35 40
Citrus, Other 0 0 3 4
Lemons, Limes and products 5 1 5 6
Tea (including mate) 2 1 20 36
Grapefruit and products 0 0 8 10
Coffee and products 1 1 40 70

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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