Egypt - Living Wages August 2017. Per Month in EGP

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (3.3 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (55% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in EGP)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 1110 1490 840 1120 210 280
Housing 500 675 500 675 335 500
Transport 60 120 60 120 30 60
Health 150 200 150 200 38 50
Education 400 500 400 500 0 0
Other costs 110 150 98 130 31 45
Total Expenditure 2330 3135 2048 2745 644 935
Net Living Wage 1456 1959 1138 1525 644 935
Gross Living Wage 1675 2253 1308 1754 740 1075

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in EGP)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 3.3 children, 1.6 working) 1680 2260
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1310 1760
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1180 1580
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1570 2110
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2360 3160
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1630 2190
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1790 2400
Single-adult without children, 1 working 740 1080

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in EGP)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1200 . 1200 . 1200 . 1200 .
Living Wage - Typical Family 1700 2510 1860 2550 1890 2490 1680 2260
Living Wage - Single Adult 955 1490 1080 1560 1130 1550 740 1080
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1560 2010 1580 2130 1540 2060 1430 1890
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1700 2500 1870 2750 1850 2710 1960 2850
Real wage of high-skilled worker 1960 3070 2140 3350 2160 3360 2300 3590

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in EGP

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 255 745 1 2
Rice 68 259 4 5
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 58 82 30 50
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 8 66 10 12
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 110 184 5 5
Maize and products 106 370 4 5
Milk - Excluding Butter 101 58 6 7
Vegetables, Other 147 36 4 5
Potatoes and products 62 47 2.5 3
Butter, Ghee 4 28 40 45
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 4 15 13 20
Pulses, Other and products 9 30 6 10
Cassava and products 0 0 4 5
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 8 11 150 8
Sunflowerseed Oil 3 27 12.5 15
Fish products 38 25 18 22
Beer 2 1 9.1 12
Sweeteners, Other 3 9 5 5
Beans 1 2 7 9
Sweet potatoes 5 5 2 3
Bananas 22 13 5 6
Soyabeans 1 4 4 10
Apples and products 15 7 10 12
Tomatoes and products 153 28 2.5 3
Onions 29 12 3 3
Oranges, Mandarines 47 14 3 4
Plantains 0 0 6 8
Peas 0 1 5 7
Roots, Other 2 1 2 3
Seeds and kernels 1 6 15 20
Wine 0 0 10.7 10.7
Cream 0 0 15 20
Olives (including preserved) 9 12 20 30
Honey 0 0 35 45
Citrus, Other 0 0 3 4
Lemons, Limes and products 5 1 5 6
Tea (including mate) 2 1 20 36
Grapefruit and products 0 0 8 10
Coffee and products 1 1 40 70

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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