Living Wage Series - Cambodia -October 2017 - In KHR, per Month

Living Wage Series - Cambodia - September 2017 - In Riel, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Riel)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 665600 930300 566500 791800 141600 197900
Housing 480000 840000 480000 840000 200300 284400
Transport 40000 80000 40000 80000 20000 40000
Health 40000 100000 40000 100000 10000 25000
Education 80000 150000 80000 150000 0 0
Other costs 65300 105000 60300 98100 18600 27400
Total Expenditure 1370900 2205300 1266800 2059900 390500 574700
Net Living Wage 721526 1160684 703778 1144389 390500 574700
Gross Living Wage 786500 1265200 767100 1247400 425700 626400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Riel)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 2.7 children, 1.9 working) 786500 1265200
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 767100 1247400
Two parents and two children, 2 working 690400 1122700
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 920500 1496900
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1380800 2245300
Two parents and three children, 1.9 working 812100 1301000
Two parents and four children, 1.9 working 897400 1420200
Single-adult without children, 1 working 425700 626400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Riel)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 400000 400000 512000 512000 560000 560000 612000 612000
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 425700 626400
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 786500 1265200
Real wage of low-skilled worker . . . . . . 220100 437300
Real wage of medium-skilled worker . . . . . . 857300 1016600
Real wage of high-skilled worker . . . . . . 1178000 1722300

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.



Food basket and food prices in Riel

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo from to
Wheat, barley and cereals 7 22 6400 8000
Rice 376 1308 2000 2500
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 34 84 20000 30000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 7 59 6000 6500
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 62 159 2800 3000
Maize and products 29 96 3000 3750
Milk - Excluding Butter 8 5 8000 8000
Vegetables, Other 88 20 4500 5000
Potatoes and products 0 0 4000 4500
Butter, Ghee 2 13 . .
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 6 19 7000 8000
Pulses, Other and products 1 2 3000 4000
Cassava and products 60 60 2700 3500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 3 4 5000 5000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 0 15000 15000
Fish products 98 73 15000 26000
Beer 77 38 4850 5000
Beans 11 37 4500 6000
Sweet potatoes 8 8 3000 3800
Bananas 25 16 2000 2500
Soyabeans 10 38 5000 6000
Apples and products 1 0 7000 10000
Tomatoes and products 0 0 3500 4500
Onions 0 0 3700 4000
Oranges, Mandarines 10 3 6500 7000
Peas 0 0 5000 6000
Roots, Other 5 5 4000 5000
Seeds and kernels 5 32 . .
Wine 0 0 26700 53300
Pineapples and products 4 1 2000 2500
Cream 0 0 3000 5000
Honey 0 0 50000 50000
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 3500 5000
Tea (including mate) 0 0 13000 15000
Coffee and products 1 0 15000 18000

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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