Living Wages in Belgium, per month in EUR - October 2017

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Euro)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 420 580 440 610 110 150
Housing 700 800 700 800 450 500
Transport 82 98 82 98 41 49
Health 50 100 50 100 13 25
Education 60 100 60 100 0 0
Other costs 66 84 67 85 31 36
Total Expenditure 1378 1762 1399 1793 645 760
Net Living Wage 861 1101 777 996 645 760
Gross Living Wage 1170 1490 1050 1350 870 1030

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Euro)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.8 children, 1.6 working) 1170 1490
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1050 1350
Two parents and two children, 2 working 945 1210
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1260 1620
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1890 2420
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1280 1650
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1380 1790
Single-adult without children, 1 working 870 1030

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Euro)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1502 1502 1502 1502 1502 1532 1532 1532
Living Wage - Single Adult 910 1090 900 1070 885 1040 870 1030
Living Wage - Typical Family 1270 1630 1240 1590 1200 1520 1170 1490
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1490 1760 1570 1850 1580 1860 1610 1890
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1860 2210 1910 2270 1960 2340 2000 2370
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2390 2920 2470 3030 2520 3100 2560 3120

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Euro

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 177 459 2.6 3.8
Rice 14 52 1.2 2
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 115 159 8 10
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 30 258 2 3
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 75 268 1.2 2
Maize and products 3 8 2 3
Milk - Excluding Butter 371 217 .6 .9
Vegetables, Other 163 57 1.9 2
Potatoes and products 147 99 .9 1.2
Butter, Ghee 28 202 4 4.3
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 16 37 4 5
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 2 3
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 20 28 1.2 1.7
Sunflowerseed Oil 3 26 1.6 2
Fish products 40 38 12 16
Beer 118 58 4 6.1
Sweeteners, Other 6 13 1 1.4
Beans 1 3 2.6 3.5
Bananas 7 4 1.5 2
Soyabeans 0 0 5 5
Yams 0 0 3 4
Apples and products 38 11 1.5 2
Tomatoes and products 46 10 1.5 2
Onions 5 2 1 1.1
Oranges, Mandarines 11 3 2 3
Plantains 2 2 1.6 2
Peas 3 10 2.4 4
Roots, Other 0 0 1.1 2
Seeds and kernels 0 3 4 7
Wine 43 31 6.7 8
Pineapples and products 4 2 . .
Cream 15 30 3.4 5
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 5 6
Honey 1 3 4.5 6.8
Citrus, Other 0 0 2 2
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 2 3
Tea (including mate) 1 0 7 10
Grapefruit and products 2 1 2 2.2
Coffee and products 12 6 5 7

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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