United Kingdom - Modern slavery in the shipping industry - October 31, 2017
In a report from an inspection by the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) evidence is provided of unpaid wages, seafarer abandonment and other severe negligence of pay and working conditions. The shipping industry is relatively unique in its use of flags of convenience (FOC). An FOC ship is one that flies the flag of a country other than the country of ownership. By flagging out, ship owners can take advantage of minimal regulation, cheap registration fees, low or no taxes, and the freedom to employ from the global labour pool. The systematic and deliberate withholding of wages of seafarers amounts to a form of compulsion requiring workers to remain in abusive working and living conditions.
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