The Netherlands: Platform Economy Regulations


Delivery people working for Deliveroo are seen as independent contractors, as they do not have a regular employment agreement. Instead, they agree on a contract that treats the worker as an entrepreneur: he is allowed to let someone else do his job, he is allowed to do his job for other delivery services and he is not required to wear the clothing issued by Deliveroo. This is according to the verdict by the court of Amsterdam in July 2018.8

Uber drivers are seen as independent contractors as well. The Uber app connects private drivers to users. When drivers use the app, they have to accept Uber’s terms and conditions, but they can cancel their involvement with Uber at any given moment. Drivers cannot establish their own rates, as true entrepreneurs would, but are bound by a maximum rate. However, they can choose their own working hours. Due to Dutch regulations for taxi drivers, Uber drivers have to own a special license plate, a taxi permit and a driver card.

As Uber drivers are also not seen as regular workers, the general labour regulation does not apply to them. Uber sees itself as a service that matches supply and demand, not as a employer. Any Dutch regulation or court verdict have still to be established.

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